健康資訊 Health + Wellness

支氣管炎及肺炎 Bronchitis and Pneumonia

 - 由Grace Tom姊妹(已退休的註冊護士)撰寫  

 - Written by Grace Tom (Retired RN) 

 

 

 

 

文章使用中英對照  Article is in both Chinese & English


什麼是支氣管炎及肺炎 ?

支氣管炎-起因

症狀

肺炎起因

症狀

治療

  1. 抗生素 -口服或血管注射
  2. 在牀休息, 如氣速便須要在牀坐起來
  3. 有須要時, 要用氧氣,可幫助呼吸通順
  4. 有痛時服止痛藥, 有咳可服止咳藥, 有高體温服降體温藥及舒緩肌肉痛
  5. 飲大量流質可保持有足夠的水份及可鬆化痰液
  6. 營養-提供進食易消化食物

 

What is Bronchitis and Pneumonia?

Bronchitis- causes

Signs and symptoms

Pneumonia-causes

Signs and symptoms

Treatment

  1. Antibiotics –oral or intravenous
  2. Bed rest, if dysnoeic, sit up in bed
  3. Use oxygen when needed to help to breathe better
  4. Analgesics for pain, anti-tussive medication to alleviate cough, anti-pyretics for elevated temperature and to relieve muscular pain
  5. Drink plenty of fluid to maintain hydration and to loosen sputum
  6. Nutrition-soft and easy digestible food is recommended

預防勝於治療  wink

Prevention is better than cure  wink