健康資訊 Health + Wellness

傷風及感冒治療Common Cold and Flu, and Treatment

  - Written by Grace Tom  

 

傷風症狀 Cold – Signs and Symptoms

  • 起因未明Causes unknown
  • 或因壓力太大Maybe overstressed
  • 缺乏免役 (長者,愛滋病人,有長期性疾病人,及兒童 ) Lack of immunity (Seniors, AIDS patients, has chronic diseases people, and young children)
  • 與有感染人及有菌物件接觸Contact with infected person or objects
  • 缺乏睡眠Lack of sleep
  • 傷風症狀Cold – Signs and Symptoms
  • 流鼻水Nasal discharge
  • 鼻塞Nasal Obstruction
  • 口嚨痛Sore throat
  • 打噴嚏Sneezing
  • 疲倦Malaise
  • 低燒 -華氏99-100 度Low grade fever 99-100 degrees F
  • 感覺寒冷Feeling chills
  • 咳嗽有或沒有痰 - 痰可有清色或淺黄色Cough with or without sputum-sputum is clear to pale yellowish
  • 聲嘶/口嚨發炎Hoarseness of voice/laryngitis
  • 症狀或輕微 (帶有輕微症狀)Symptoms may be mild

 

 

 

流行性感冒症狀 Influenza(Flu) – Signs and Symptoms

  • 發燒高過華氏101度Fever – high – over 101degree F
  • 頭痛Headache
  • 乾/有痰咳Dry /moist cough
  • 咳有綠色痰Cough with greenish sputum
  • 口嚨痛Sore throat
  • 眼或耳痛Eye or ear soreness
  • 心腔緊痛由於頻頻咳Chest tightness due to frequent cough
  • Symptoms maybe more severe症狀嚴重一點

 

傷風及感冒治療Treatment and management for cold and flu

  • 休息-睡眠或少活動Rest – sleep or low activity
  • 足夠流質-飲大量流質如熱湯, 菓汁及開水Enough fluid-drink plenty of fluid-hot soup, juices and water
  • 切勿飲奶/進食奶類食物直至無咳及無痰Quit milk/milk product until no cough or no sputum
  • 有鼻塞買藥房的噴鼻劑OTC Nasal spray or nasal decongestant for blocked nose
  • 聲嘶及喉嚨發炎-用温鹽水漱口Hoarseness of voice and laryngitis-salt with warm water mouth gargle frequently
  • 頭痛, 骨及肌肉痛, 服止痛藥Headache, bone and muscle ache- take analgesics
  • 有感冒及高燒要去見您的醫生-或需要消炎藥Has flu with high fever-go to see your doctor-may need antibiotic
  • 食大量生菓(生菓有大量維他命Eat lots of fruit (fruit has lots of vitamins )

 

預防法Prevention

  • 做好個人衛生-頻頻洗手, 當有咳嗽或打噴嚏時應蓋着口鼻Good personal hygiene-frequent hand washing, and cover your nose and mouth when coughing and sneezing
  • 每年打感冒針Annual flu shot
  • 足夠睡眠Plenty of sleep
  • 室外灑太暘及活動Outdoor sunshine and activity
  • 平衡飲食, 吃大量生菓/疏菜Balanced diet(lots of fruit and vegetables)
  • 減低壓力Reduce stress
  • 學會放鬆治療Relaxation therapy